In 2013, a mandate from the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) directed federal agencies with over $100 million in R&D to require public access to articles and data resulting from grant funding. Each agency is responsible for detailing their exact requirements; often there is significant overlap between funders but there are also discipline-specific aspects of the requirements. Generally, those applying for grants will be asked to provide a greater level of detail in their data management plan.

This page will be updated as we have more information about specific policies. Please note that while we are trying our best to keep up with funder policies, this is an area that is changing very quickly. If you do not see your funder listed or have additional questions, please contact us.

Note: In the following table, (A) stands for article and (D) stands for data.

FunderFull NameOSTP Response TimelineAdditional content (hidden til clicked on; opens underneath)
AHRQAgency for Healthcare Research and QualityFebruary 2015 (A)
October 2015 (D)
Timeline to make research publicly accessible: Within 12 months (A) | with article publication (D)

Where to upload resulting article: PubMed Central

Where to upload resulting data: TBD
ASPRAssistant Secretary for Preparedness and ResponseOctober 2015 (A, D)Timeline to make research publicly accessible: Within 12 months (A) | with article publication/within 30 months of collection (D)

Where to upload resulting article: PubMed Central

Where to upload resulting data: Many options

Notes: PMC, PubMed, and other appropriate scholarly data and metadata archives across the federal, academic, non-profit, and business communities. Data that was used for a publication needs to be made available at the time of publication. Other datasets need to be public within 30 months of the set's creation. Need also to submit a metadata document to ASPR to be deposited in data.gov.
CDCCenters for Disease Control and PreventionJuly 2013 (A)
October 2015 (D)
Timeline to make research publicly accessible: Within 12 months (A), with article publication/within 30 months of collection (D)

Where to upload resulting article: CDC Stacks

Where to upload resulting data: Many options, preferred TBD

Notes: Peer-reviewed articles go in both PubMedCentral and CDC Stacks, everything else in CDC Stacks. See plan Appendix B for DMP requirements outline.
DODDepartment of DefenseFiscal year 2015 (estimate)Timeline to make research publicly accessible: Within 12 months (A), within a reasonable time (D)

Where to upload resulting article: Defense Technical Information Center

Where to upload resulting data: TBD

Notes: In section 15 (Timeline and Implementation), it is mentioned in FY18 that there will be a "Central data set repository" that will "deliver data sets to users". This is in contrast to the "decentralized approach for storing data in public repositories" mentioned in section 9.2. Also of note is their mention in sections 8.3.2 and 9.2 that "metadata for scientific data will include, at a minimum, common core metadata schema" htts://project-open-data.cio.gov/.
DOEDepartment of EnergyOctober 2014 (A)
October 2015 (D)
Timeline to make research publicly accessible: Within 12 months (A), within a reasonable time (D)

Where to upload resulting article: PAGES to index (http://www.osti.gov/pages/). Article hosting choices: 1st) publisher, 2nd) local repository, 3rd) OSTI. OSTI collects all accepted manuscripts.

Where to upload resulting data: OpenEI for EERE, otherwise researcher choice

Notes: DMPs only for Office of Science in FY15. Starting FY16 DMP requirements implemented department wide.
DOTDepartment of TransportationUnknownTimeline to make research publicly accessible: Unknown

Where to upload resulting article: Unknown

Where to upload resulting data: Unknown
FDAFood and Drug AdministrationOctober 2015 (A, D)Timeline to make research publicly accessible: Within 12 months (A), with article publication (D)

Where to upload resulting article: PubMed Central

Where to upload resulting data: Data- or discipline-specific repositories where available. There is exploration of a data commons tool.
NASANational Aeronautics and Space AdministrationOctober 2015 (A, D)Timeline to make research publicly accessible: Within 12 months (A) at the time of publication or w/i reasonable time period after publication (D)*

Where to upload resulting article: NASA-branded portal of PubMed Central

Where to upload resulting data: TBD

Notes: *"Reasonable time period" will be defined in the final data access plan.
NIHNational Institutes of HealthCurrently in effect (A, D)
December 2015 (D)
Timeline to make research publicly accessible: Within 12 months (A), at the time of article publication (appropriate timelines being explored) (D)

Where to upload resulting article: PubMed Central

Where to upload resulting data: Existing NIH-funded data repositories or existing, appropriate, publicly accessible repositories

Notes: Points to NIH Public Access Policy 2008 as "meeting all the requirements of the OSTP Directive" for publications. While "Access/Sharing" is marked full here because it covers the PAP as well as data sharing -- the policy does not address OA journals.
NISTNational Institutes of Standards and TechnologyOctober 2015 (A, D)Timeline to make research publicly accessible: Within 12 months (A), with article publication, for supporting data (D)

Where to upload resulting article: PubMed Central

Where to upload resulting data: NIST? Developing interoperable Commerce data infrastructure (Commerce Interoperability Framework (CIF) Reference Architecture)

Notes: "Public discovery and download of peer-reviewed publications and associated data free of charge no later than 12 months following publication" - appears to be only data associated with a peer reviewed article that needs to be made available within 12 months. There is no stated timeline for data not supporting a publication, although the Data section indicates that access to this data should be addressed.
NOAANational Oceanic & Atmospheric AdministrationFiscal year 2016, Q2 (A, D)Timeline to make research publicly accessible: Within 12 months (A), with article publication, for supporting data, or within 1 yr of collection (D)

Where to upload resulting article: NOAA Institutional Repository, using CDC Stacks

Where to upload resulting data: Existing NOAA data centers, other data repositories, interagency Research Data Commons

Notes: Short term data access may be granted through a variety of resouces, including SHARE. Long term data preservation will be made available at NOAA Data Centers for "data worthy to be archived."
NSFNational Science FoundationJanuary 2016 (A, D)Timeline to make research publicly accessible: Within 12 months (A), "exploring" at time of article publication (D)

Where to upload resulting article: PAGES (http://www.osti.gov/pages/)

Where to upload resulting data: Only guidance that is given is "appropriate repository"
USDAUS Department of AgricultureJanuary 2016 (A)Timeline to make research publicly accessible: Within 12 months (A)

Where to upload resulting article: PubAg

Where to upload resulting data: Unknown
USAIDUS Agency for International DevelopmentOctober 2014 (D)Timeline to make research publicly accessible: Within 12 months (D)

Where to upload resulting article: Unknown

Where to upload resulting data: Development Data Library (DDL)

Notes: Data must be deposited to the DDL. USAID will determine openness of each set. Articles and "intellectual works" are addressed in ADS 303maa, Section M21 (http://www.usaid.gov/sites/default/files/documents/1868/303maa.pdf)
USGSUS Geological SurveyFebruary 2015 (D)Timeline to make research publicly accessible: Unknown

Where to upload resulting article: Unknown

Where to upload resulting data: Unknown

Notes: More helpful info about the "approval" of data prior to sharing it is here - http://www.usgs.gov/datamanagement/policyreferences.php
VAUS Department of Veterans AffairsOctober 2015 (A, D)Timeline to make research publicly accessible: Within 12 months (A & clinical trial information) OR consistent with public interests and OMB/OSTP objectives

Where to upload resulting article: PubMed Central

Where to upload resulting data: Unknown (partnering with HHS, NIH, FDA, and DoD on “effective mechanisms")

RDS gratefully acknowledges the authors of a crowdsourced table documenting these federal requirements; much of its content was reused and repurposed for the table above.